Schizophrenia diet is recommended for patients who have been affected with schizophrenia, a mental disorder which is generally marked by a constant disintegration of the thought process. There is also a very strong effect on the emotional responsiveness of a patient. Some of the most common characteristics of this disorder are hallucinations, both visual and audtiory, disorganized speech and thinking, paranoia and delusions, among other less general factors. Before a patient is actually declared schizophrenic, a thorough investigation is carried out into a patient's ongoing behavior and personally reported experiences.
In almost all cases, schizophrenia is irreversible and the condition tends to worsen as time passes. Doctors generally try to handle a patient with a balanced routine of diet, counseling, mediation and lifestyle changes.
Main Features of a Schizophrenia Diet
A diet plan for schizophrenia is tailor-made by doctors and dieticians based on a person's condition and requirements. Sometimes, patients tend to develop extreme aversion to foods and these factors have to be kept in mind. A diet plan for the schizophrenia is also prescribed to people who are prone to the condition with the hopes of preventing its onset, or at least delaying it.
Research has revealed that schizophrenia patients almost always have a history of unhealthy food habits. Most patients, before the onset of the condition, rely heavily on diets high in fat and low in fiber and protein. This, coupled with a sedentary lifestyle, is believed to speed up the effects of the condition. In a diet plan for the problem, therefore, patients are put on a diet which is low in fats, carbohydrates and calories and high in essential nutrients like fiber, protein and vitamins. Fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy products, nuts, toned milk and fresh fruit juices are essential inclusions in a proper diet plan for schizophrenia.
About 30 years ago, some researchers came up with a "multi-vitamin diet" plan for schizophrenia which involved administering huge doses of vitamins to patients to control the condition and try to reverse it. Although this schizophrenia diet has not been backed by many, some schools of thought still believe in it and encourage patients of the condition to eat lots of vitamins.
Schizophrenia: Foods to be Avoided
Patients affected with schizophrenia have almost zero physical activity. As their condition worsens, they tend to confine themselves to one place, seldom going out or indulging in any physical activity. This makes these people prone to heart diseases, obesity, hypertension and other weight-related illnesses. As a general rule, therefore, high calorie and fat foods are strictly avoided. Alcohol is also completely eliminated from the diet plan as it tends to worsen the symptoms of schizophrenia.
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