Organic black tea is tea that is grown on farms that do not use pesticides and synthetic fertilizers in their cultivation techniques.
Cultivation of Organic Black Tea
Traditionally, a single hectare of land can support twenty thousand organic black tea plants. However, tea plants require intensive care and support. The plants also absorb large amounts of nitrogen from the soil resulting in rapid depletion of nitrogen levels. Organic farmers have to ensure that no chemical fertilizer is used for three successive years on the land before the land and tea crop can be certified as organic. Biological fertilizers in the form of seaweed, compost and manure that is free of genetically modified inclusions are used. To protect the tea plant from pests, natural protective insects like spiders, lizards, mantis, and ladybugs are encouraged. Continuous weeding and careful antifungal measures are also necessary
Organic Black Tea: Preparation
There are several varieties of black tea that can be grown organically. The actual preparation method for any variety of organic tea will be mentioned on the packaging. However, traditionally, black tea is prepared by boiling water till it just reaches boiling point. Tea leaves are added to the hot water and allowed to steep. The steeping time will vary according to the grade and variety of tea leaves that are used.
Serving and Drinking
Organic black tea is served hot with or without milk. A few varieties like Ceylonese or Darjeeling may be served only with a slice of lemon. The tea infusion can be cooled and then mixed with fruit juices like apple juice and guava juice to make organic varieties of iced tea.
Organic Black Tea Benefits
Organic tea (black) is completely free of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Apart from being chemical free, organically grown tea, is rich in polyphenols, antioxidants, and nutrients.
China had the largest internal tea production peaking at 1,275,384 million tons in the year 2008. China is followed by India and Kenya which produce approximately 805,189 and 345,800 tons of tea respectively. Out of this, only 6-12% is organically grown tea. This production amount varies according to the demand and value of the organically grown tea in the international market. As a rule, organically grown tea is more expensive as compared to ordinary tea.