North Indian food has a rich and varied culinary tradition influenced from the Northern Indian states. The Indian states that comprise the North Indian cuisines are Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand (Kumaon), Uttar Pradesh (Awadh and Braj) and West-Central. The north Indian cuisine is significantly influenced by cuisines from eastern region such as Bihar, Uttar Pradesh (Purvanchal) and Jharkhand. The delicious North Indian dishes are known for being rich in chillies, saffron, milk, yoghurt, cottage cheese, ghee (clarified butter) and nuts. There is a wide range of dishes that are extremely appreciated all around the world. Some of the popular North Indian recipes are Mutter Paneer, Rajma, paratha, samosa, kadhai chicken, biryani, tandori chicken, choley, kheer and jalebi.
Classification of North Indian Cuisine
North Indian foods can be mainly classified into the following regional cuisines:
- Kashmiri: Kashmiri food is the traditional food that comes from Indian state Jammu and Kashmir. Most of the North Indian food is influenced by Kashmiri cuisine. Known for its rich-flavored non-vegetarian dishes, Kashmiri food is widely appreciated for the use of spices. Some of the famous Kashmiri dishes that are also known as North Indian cuisine are seekh kabab, methi korma, zafrani murg, rogan Josh, gushtaba and tabak maaz.
- Punjabi: Punjabi food is better known for the use of milk, honey and other dairy products. Some of the well known Punjabi dishes that are also a part of North Indian cuisines are rajma, cholye bhature, kadai chicken, tandoori chicken, and chicken tikka.
- Rajasthani: Rajasthani food is one of the most delicious cuisines of India. Some of the common dishes that are famous as North Indian food are known as khata, gatte ki sabzi, rabdi, khichdi, rotis, laddoos, malpuas, jalebies, rasogullas, mishri mawa, mawa katchori and sohan halwa.
- Uttar Pradesh: The state has Banaras, a holy city of UP, famous for jalebis', sweetmeats and kachoris'. These sweet dishes also constitute a major part of North Indian cuisine.
- Avadhi: The style of cooking followed in Awadh is famous for tender meat dishes and delectable sweets dishes. The food of Lucknow basically represents Awadh cuisine. It is famous for biryanis and various other meat preparations. Two of the most popular meat dishes served in breakfast in Lucknow are Nihari and naan.
North Indian Food Habits and Etiquette
North Indian food habits and etiquettes are known as rich and flavorsome. Most of the dishes are rich in milk and dairy products. People love to cook and serve in North India. The food etiquettes are not very strict; however, there are certain rules that one must known before indulging in a North Indian dinner or lunch invitation. The rules of North Indian etiquettes are mentioned below:
- It is always suggested to eat with your fingers.
- North Indians do not prefer to use the left hand while eating
- One should always wait to be served and ask the host whatever wish to take.
- They follow the rule of jootha (hygiene) very sincerely. Most of the Indians believe the hygienic rule of jootha, where the glass, spoon, or bottle must not be shared.
- It is not recommended to offer someone something from your plate.
- Hands must be washed before and after a meal.
- One should not talk while food is in mouth.
- One must not start eating until everyone else sits down.
- One must offer their help to clear the dishes after eating.
Popular Chefs of North Indian Food
There are many popular chefs widely famous for their expertise in North Indian Cuisine. Most of them have written many books and hosted television shows. The names of some of the well known chefs of North Indian foods are mentioned below:
- Hari Nayak: Hari Nayak is an Indian chef, restaurateur, author and a renowned Indian food and culinary consultant.
- Madhur jaffery: Madhur Jaffery is an Indian-born actress and cookbook author. Her latest book is much more personal, "Climbing the Mango Tree”.
- Sanjeev Kapoor: Sanjeev Kapoor is one of India's most popular chefs and author. He is known as “The most celebrated face of Indian cuisine.” He is a Chef Extraordinaire, TV show host, and author of best selling cookery book.
- Tarla dalal: Ms. Tarla Dalal is India's best - selling cookery author for over 2 decades. She has written a total of 30 titles, several of which have been translated into many languages.
- Vikas Khanna: Vikas Khanna is a famous Indian chef, restaurateur, food writer, and humanitarian based in New York City.