Kidney Transplant Diet refers to the set of foods or ingredients that aid in recovering from the sickness caused as an after-effect of transplant surgery as well as in regularizing the function of the kidney. The kidney transplant is mostly performed to regularize the kidney functions which might be hindered due to one reason or the other or to end the End –Stage –Renal Disease. Most of the kidney failure patients endorse about the new found energy and stamina following the transplant. Health experts say that the time before and after transplant are critical and during this period, the routine activities and diet patterns of the patient are to be closely monitored.
Kidney Transplant Diet: Nutritional Plan
The weight gain is closely monitored after the kidney transplant. The nutritional plan for this condition is strictly to be developed by certified nutrition experts, based on the factors like weight, kidney function, blood work results and medications. The quantities and food types may vary and the below mentioned are three areas of nutrition which works uniquely for most of the kidney transplant donors -
- Potassium: Most of the transplant medications may increase or decrease the potassium levels. This condition may not last for long and the level of potassium can decided after conducting the tests.
- Phosphorus: Normally, foods high in phosphorus are recommended after the renal transplant because its levels fluctuate a lot after the surgery. When bones are struggling for energy, the blood phosphorus stoops to low. The dieticians mostly encourage the foods that are high in phosphorus, low-fat dairy products are recommended.
- Salt: The renal surgery normally induces high blood pressure and fluid retention. Based on the physical features of the person, the dietician will recommend foods that are high or low in sodium.
The issues related to phosphorus and potassium rarely tend to get serious but they are always considered with prime importance and also they can be corrected within a month or two. However, the issues pertaining to sodium intake may last longer so the sodium intake is closely monitored.
Kidney Transplant Diet: Conclusion
The kidney transplant diet imposes several restrictions before and after the surgery. One needs to keep a close watch on the weight and cholesterol levels. It is always better to keep following things in mind:
- High calorie and high fat foods should be avoided to the maximum.
- High fiber foods involving fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet along with whole grain foods.
- Right kind of exercises should be performed under the supervision of a trainer so as to regularize the bodily functions in a methodical way.