Kidney Failure diet is prescribed for patients who have been affected by renal failure or kidney failure, a medical condition marked by the failure of kidneys to properly filter the toxins and waste from the bloodstream. The disease can either be acute or chronic and can be the direct effect of one problem or a combination of other health problems.
In the case of renal failure, kidneys are not able to regulate the removal of waste, toxins and fluid from the body and this results in the doctor and dietician charting-out a specific diet plan for the patient. The main feature of a renal failure diet is the limit on fluid intake. Too much fluid, when left unregulated in the body, causes shortness of breath, hypertension, bloating and swelling of joints. Other items that need to be regulated are phosphorus, protein, potassium and sodium.
Main Features of Renal Failure Diet
A kidney failure diet is mostly tailor made by the physician and dietician depending upon the individual needs of each patient. There are, however, some common features in the diet plans.
Regulation of fluid intake is the most important thing. Consumption of tea, coffee, sodas, milk, wine, beer, popsicles and even water is strictly watched and controlled. The intake of foods categorized as 'fluids' should be as less as possible and even drinking of water should be done out of necessity only and not out of habit or will.
Phosphorus works with calcium in the body to strengthen bones and keep them healthy. When the functionality of kidneys is affects, phosphorus becomes a difficult mineral for the body to handle and therefore, foods like cola drinks, peanut butter, certain types of fish, chicken and nuts need to be regulated and controlled.
Potassium is another mineral which the body needs. Its correct processing, however, greatly depends on the kidneys and when kidneys are not working properly, some fruits and vegetables, raisins, mushrooms, mustard, apricots, etc., need to be consumed under guidance.
Protein and Sodium are also regulated and their consumption is controlled when following a kidney failure diet.
Renal Failure Diet: Foods to be Avoided
All foods which are high in calorie and fat levels need to be strictly avoided. Unless the kidneys are functioning properly, digestion and processing of foods will be greatly affected. There should be no pressure on the kidneys and the food consumed should be healthy, light and simple. Home-cooked food, which uses organic ingredients, is preferred and greatly encouraged.
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