Asthma diet refers to the diet to be followed for prevention and control of asthma, which is a respiratory disease often characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, tightness of chest, cough, etc. The characteristics of such a diet are inclusion of lots of fruits and vegetables, foods ricrich in vitamin D and omega 3 acids, while avoiding allergy causing foods as well as sulfites and calorie rich foods.
Diet for Asthma: Foods to Consume
The following types of foods assist in maintaining a healthy body and prevention and aggravation of asthma-
- Fresh fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants like beta carotene as well as vitamins C and E, which help in reduction of swelling and inflammation in lungs, a characteristic of an asthmatic condition, caused due to release of free radicals.
- Vitamin D rich foods: These include foods like milk, eggs and salmon. Exposure to sunlight also generates vitamin D in the body.
Diet for Asthma: Foods to Avoid
An asthma diet should omit inclusion of allergy causing foods and foods known to aggravate symptoms, as discussed below-
- Sulfites: These are often used as preservatives, and are found in pickles, dry fruits, frozen shrimp, wine, etc. They are known to trigger symptoms of asthma in some people.
- Foods causing allergic reactions: The usual culprits causing allergies are foods like wheat, corn, cow's milk, food additives and colors, etc., which may be specific to individuals. Asthma patients are at an increased risk of allergies, hence they should avoid allergy causing foods.
- High calorie foods: High calorie foods tend to cause weight gain, which worsens asthma. Losing weight tends to bring relief from symptoms of asthma. Hence patients should be aware of the calorie count of various types of foods they are consuming when planning an asthma diet.
Asthma and Diet: Trivia
- 70% of asthma patients are also known to suffer from GERD or Gastro esophageal Reflux Disorder, characterized by reflux of acid from the stomach. The condition can be controlled by weight loss, as well as avoidance of alcohol and caffeine.
- A Mediterranean diet, which is a diet with high content of nuts as well as fruits like apples and grapes and vegetables like tomatoes, is often a recommended form of asthma diet.
Asthma Prevention Diet: Web Resources
The following sources can be accessed for more information regarding how to control asthma with diet