How To Prune Grape Vines - The Easy Way To Grapes
Properly pruning grape vines is the easy way to Grapes. Without proper pruning you can’t expect sufficient grapes from the plants. The pruning task requires plenty of practical experiences. Here are few tips on how to prune grape vines, with which you can try your best to ensure quality and quantity from your grape vine.
When you get the plants from the nursery, they are going to be slightly pruned by the experts of the nursery. But before your vine hits the spring, you have to take initiative for your first pruning process. Pruning is an important step to ensure vegetative growth and quality fruits, so you should not hesitate to prune the plants. For the young plants, the best time for first time of pruning is one month before the spring comes. During this time the plants will keep on growing multiple shoots and they will have an appearance like bushy. Many people prune only 1 or 2 shoot from every plant, but the common suggestion is to prune everything by leaving only 2 to 4 strong shoots. This will ensure strong growth of fewer canes, so that they can produce better crops.
By the next year, these left out shoot tips will be quite longer than before and probably be ready to touch the fruiting wire. Take the longest and strongest stem to prune at the top by leaving 4 to 8 inches. For the next season, allow this stem to grow 4 to 6 new shoots. Other than these shoots, you will find plenty of lateral canes, which will also need getting pruned.
In the third year, you should choose two of the canes which are strongest and thickest. Leaving these two canes, you have to prune away the other canes developed during the last season. For the best two canes, you need to prune on the top for a length of 12 to 18 inches. After pruning, you have to give some time to grow the pruned canes little bit, so that you can start training them with the fruiting wire. During this period allow the stems to grow 8 to 10 healthy shoots. In the mean time, if you find any new canes developed at the bottom part of the plant, you should prune them as well; because these stems might get infected after touching the ground and might destroy the crops too.
In the following growing season, you may expect a healthy growth of grapes in your vine. Within 2-3 cycles of grapes harvest, you will grow more experienced and skilled to properly prune and train your grape plants.
Image Courtesy: grapediseases.com